Cannabidiol is a common natural therapy that is used to treat a variety of diseases.
CBD is one of more than 100 chemical compounds found in the cannabis plant, Cannabis sativa, known as cannabinoids. CBD stands for cannabidiol, which is one of more than 100 chemicals present in cannabis plants called cannabinoids. Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) is the most psychoactive cannabinoid present in cannabis, which means it produces the sensation of being high that is sometimes associated with marijuana. CBD, on the other hand, does not create a euphoric state.
CBD’s lack of psychoactivity and other side effects associated with some pharmaceuticals make it an appealing choice for individuals searching for pain relief and other symptoms without the mind-altering effects of cannabis or other negative effects associated with certain drugs.
CBD oil is produced from cannabis plants by extracting CBD and then diluting it with a carrier oil like coconut oil or hemp seed oil. CBD is present in a variety of products online and in stores, including dietary supplements, bath soaks, drinks, and food.
CBD is a natural and non-psychoactive compound found in the cannabis plant. It’s gaining popularity in the health and wellness sector, with some scientific research suggesting that it may help with chronic pain and anxiety symptoms. But is it right for you?This article summarizes the scientific evidence for six CBD health advantages as well as potential adverse effects and safety issues surrounding CBD extracts.
Heads up: Is CBD legal?
Hemp-derived CBD products (with less than 0.3 percent THC) are lawful on a federal level, but they are prohibited in certain states. Cannabis-derived CBD products are prohibited on the federal level, but they may be purchased and used in certain jurisdictions.
Check your state’s regulations as well as those of any other place you go. Also keep in mind that nonprescription CBD products are not FDA-approved and may be mislabeled.Trusted Source
1. May relieve pain
Cannabis has been used to treat pain since at least 2900 B.C., and it has proved effective in numerous countries around the world. Scientists have recently discovered that certain compounds in cannabis, including CBD, contribute to its pain-relieving qualities.Humans have a specialized endocannabinoid system that is involved in regulating a range of activities, including sleep, hunger, pain sensation, and immune response.The body creates endocannabinoids, which are neurotransmitters that bind to cannabinoid receptors in the nervous system.
CBD has been shown in studies to modulate endocannabinoid receptor activity, reduce inflammation, and interact with neurotransmitters, all of which may help relieve chronic pain.
CBD appears to be helpful in the treatment of certain types of pain, including nerve pain and lower back discomfort, according on some studies. When used alone, CBD appears to work best with THC.
A number of human studies have suggested that a mix of CBD and THC is useful in treating pain associated with multiple sclerosis (MS) and arthritis.
Sativex (nabiximols), a 1:1 THC/CBD oral spray that is approved in several nations to treat MS-related pain, is now available in Canada.
The effects of taking Sativex for a month were investigated in a study that included 47 people with MS. Participants’ pain, walking ability, and muscle spasms all improved.
However, because the experiment did not include a control group, placebo effects cannot be excluded.
According to one study, Sativex can help those with MS-related neuropathic pain and persistent severe neuropathic pain. The review also discovered that Sativex may aid in the reduction of anxiety and stress, which are significant causes of chronic pain.
CBD has also been shown in studies to help with the symptoms of rheumatoid arthritis (FRA), fibromyalgia, and other arthritic ailments.
A study published in the Journal of Neurology, Neurosurgery, and Psychiatry found that people with fibromyalgia who used CBD for pain relief reported moderate to significant benefit in terms of pain.
CBD can help relieve pain, according to preclinical research from animal studies, although human trials are lacking.
Although CBD may help to treat certain types of pain, especially when combined with THC, further high-quality research is needed to determine whether it helps relieve pain.
2. Could reduce symptoms related to some mental health disorders
Anxiety disorders and other mental health conditions have the potential to cause significant damage to a person’s physical and mental health.
Pharmaceutical medicines are commonly used to deal with mental illness, which has a variety of negative consequences including drowsiness, agitation, sleeplessness, sexual dysfunction, and migraines.
Furthermore, medications like benzodiazepines have the risk of dependence and can result in a substance use disorder.
CBD oil has shown promise as a treatment for a variety of mental health issues, including anxiety disorders, prompting many people who live with such problems to search for an alternative treatment.
In a study of 57 men in Brazil, oral CBD or a placebo was given 90 minutes before they presented simulated public speaking to see whether either reduced anxiety. A 300-mg dose of CBD was found to be the most efficient at mitigating anxiety during the presentation, according to the researchers.
A 600-mg dose of CBD had no influence, while a 150-mg dose of CBD or a placebo (a 150-mg dose of CBD) had little to no effect.
CBD oil has been proved effective in treating children with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a form of anxiety condition, and insomnia.
CBD was also shown to help with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in a tiny 2019 study, which found that it reduced PTSD-related symptoms including nightmares in adults. CBD has shown promise for a number of anxiety-related illnesses, according to several other research.
Despite the fact that CBD has been discovered to help with symptoms of depression in certain people, there is currently no scientific evidence to suggest that it has an antidepressant effect.
However, several research studies have shown that it may assist individuals with cannabis use disorders in reducing their depressive symptoms. The effects of CBD on anxiety and depression symptoms are still being studied.
In fact, a 12-week CBD treatment study for anxiety and depression symptoms in persons with bipolar disorder is set to be released in April 2022.
3. May alleviate certain cancer-related symptoms
CBD may help reduce some cancer-related symptoms and side effects related to cancer treatment, such as nausea, vomiting, and pain.
A 2010 study looked at the effects of CBD and THC on 177 cancer sufferers who were dissatisfied with pain medication. Those treated with a combination of both chemicals experienced considerably less discomfort than those given just THC extract.
A review of five studies found some evidence that Sativex can help reduce cancer-related pain in certain people. However, studies on the effects of cannabis and cannabinoid medicines like CBD on cancer-related nausea, pain, and loss of appetite have produced varying results.
Despite the fact that CBD may be helpful for some cancer patients, more study is needed to see if CBD should be used more frequently in cancer symptom management.
If you have cancer and are considering using CBD or other cannabis-derived treatments, talk to your doctor. These items may not be safe, suitable, or effective for all cancer patients.
4. May have neuroprotective properties
CBD’s ability to act on the endocannabinoid system and other brain-signaling systems, according to researchers, might help those with neurological illnesses.
CBD has been used to treat a variety of ailments, including epileptic seizure and multiple sclerosis (MS). Although the study of neurological diseases such as epilepsy is still relatively new, several studies have shown promising results. Sativex has been found to be both safe and effective in managing muscular spasticity in those with multiple sclerosis.
It significantly reduced spasms in 75% of patients with MS who were struggling to control their muscle spasticity with prescription drugs.
In another study, researchers used 0.9–2.3 grams of CBD oil per pound (2–5 grams per kg) of body weight in 214 people with severe epilepsy. The median reduction in seizures was 36.5%.
CBD oil reduced seizure activity in children with Dravet syndrome, a severe childhood epilepsy disease, versus a placebo, according to another research.
However, in both of these studies, some patients complained about CBD therapy side effects such as convulsions, fever, and tiredness.
Various neurological diseases have also been studied for their potential benefit from CBD. Many studies have demonstrated that CBD treatment can improve quality of life and sleep quality in patients with Parkinsons disease.
Despite this, experts claim there is a lack of high-quality data. That implies there isn’t enough evidence to suggest that CBD may be used in the treatment of Parkinson’s disease in clinical settings.
However, one CBD product has been authorized by the FDA for the treatment of a variety of seizure disorders. Epidiolex, a prescription cannabidiol drug, was authorized by the FDA in 2018 for the treatment of seizures caused by two severe forms of epilepsy, Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome.
Epidiolex received FDA approval in 2020 for the treatment of tuberous sclerosis complex (TSC), a rare genetic disease that causes benign tumors to grow in the brain and other areas of the body.
5. May benefit heart health
CBD has been linked to several heart and circulatory system benefits, including the ability to lower high blood pressure, according to some research.
High blood pressure is connected to an increased risk of a range of diseases, including stroke, heart attack, and metabolic syndrome. CBD has been shown in studies to be helpful for those with high blood pressure.
In a small research with 9 healthy men, 600 mg of CBD oil was given to them. Resting blood pressure was reduced by CBD in comparison to the placebo.
In addition, the men in the study were asked to participate in stressful tests that typically raise blood pressure. The single dose of CBD prompted the men’s blood pressure to rise less than usual during these tests, according to the research.
A recent double-blind, placebo-controlled trial tested the effects of CBD on blood pressure in 26 healthy men. Treatment with 600 mg of CBD for 7 days resulted in greater decreases in blood pressure than a placebo group after 24 hours, according to one study. However, by 7 days, the difference had vanished.
After repeated CBD doses over time, the CBD group had lower blood pressure levels than the placebo group. After multiple CBD dosing, the researchers discovered that the CBD group had better blood flow through its arteries and reduced arterial stiffness compared to the placebo group.
Overall, these findings are encouraging, but we need additional research on the potential advantages of CBD treatment for heart disease.
- Other potential benefits
CBD has been studied for a variety of medical issues in addition to those listed above. CBD is considered to have the following health advantages:
- CBD may have antipsychotic effects. CBD has been studied for the treatment of schizophrenia and other mental health problems and is thought to decrease psychotic symptoms.
- Treatment for substance abuse. CBD may help with anxiety and depression in those who are dependent on substances such as heroin.
- There is evidence that cannabis oil may help extend life in individuals with glioblastoma. Recent studies indicate that a therapy combining CBD and THC might help some people with a severe type of cancer called glioblastoma live longer, however the evidence is limited.
- Improved sleep is a distinct possibility. CBD has been found in some studies to aid with certain types of sleeping problems, although more research is needed.
Potential side effects of CBD products
CBD may cause adverse effects in some users, although it is generally well-tolerated and considered safe. The following side effects have been reported in studies:
- changes in appetite and weight
In studies of children with epilepsy, side effects including liver function test abnormalities, drowsiness, sedation, and pneumonia have been reported. However, this CBD-clobazam interaction is a possibility.
CBD can affect a variety of medications, including pain pills, antidepressants, seizure meds, and diabetes drugs. CBD oil should be discussed with a medical professional before use to verify safety and avoid any hazardous interactions.
It’s also vital to remember that the CBD market is now congested with a plethora of low-quality items. CBD is found in a variety of foods, drinks, nutritional supplements, and personal care items that are frequently marketed as a method to reduce tension, pain, and sleep problems.
That, however, does not imply that you should incorporate any of these components into your daily diet or wellness routine. Although certain studies indicate that CBD may be beneficial for a number of issues, the doses used in research are extremely varied. It’s difficult to determine what dose is ideal for treating particular health deficits.
Furthermore, many goods include a combination of components rather than just CBD. For example, dietary supplements that combine CBD with a variety of herbs might not be safe for everyone because certain plants have the potential to interact with commonly prescribed drugs.
Before taking a CBD product, check with your doctor or pharmacist to find out what dose is appropriate and whether there are any other questions you need to know about. Select one that has been third-party tested for quality and purity if you decide to utilize a CBD product.
CBD products from NuLeaf Naturals and Bluebird Botanicals are tested by reputable third-party laboratories and have batch reports available on their websites.
The bottom line
CBD oil, which is made from hemp, has been studied in laboratory settings for its potential usefulness in treating a variety of medical problems, including anxiety and neurological disorders. It may additionally aid heart health and reduce pain. Keep in mind that some of these health advantages are associated with CBD combined with THC, rather than CBD alone.
Cannabidiol (CBD) has been studied extensively, and new research is continuing to reveal how CBD may help with a variety of ailments. There is still much to learn about the possible applications of CBD.
If you’re wanting to use CBD to manage a health problem or promote general health, talk to your doctor first. They can assist you in determining whether incorporating a CBD product into your routine is appropriate and which one is best for you.